It is arguably claimed that tattooing has existed since 12,000 years BC. The purpose of tattooing has varied from culture to culture and its place on the timeline. But there are commonalities that prevail form the earliest known tattoos to those being done today. Tattoos have always had an important role in ritual and tradition. In Borneo for example the women tattooed their symbols on their forearm indicating their particular skill. Tattoos around the wrist and fingers were believed to ward away illness. Throughout history tattoos have signified membership in a clan or society. Even today groups like the Hells Angels tattoo their particular group symbol. TV and movies have used the idea of a tattoo indication membership in a secret society numerous times. It has been believed that the wearer of an image calls the spirit of that image.